Editorial Policies

In submitting to JNSPS, all authors must agree to abide by JNSPS editorial policies. Manuscripts are reviewed with the explicit understanding that all authors have seen and approved of the submitted version.

Authorship and Contributions

Authorship must be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The corresponding author must have obtained permission from all authors for the submission of each version of the paper and for any change in authorship.

All collaborators share some degree of responsibility for any paper they coauthor. Some coauthors have responsibility for the entire paper as an accurate, verifiable report of the research. These include coauthors who are accountable for the integrity of the data reported in the paper, carry out the analysis, write the manuscript, present major findings at conferences, or provide scientific leadership to junior colleagues.

Coauthors who make specific, limited contributions to a paper are responsible for their contributions but may have only limited responsibility for other results. While not all coauthors may be familiar with all aspects of the research presented in their paper, all collaborators should have in place an appropriate process for reviewing the accuracy of the reported results.

Corresponding authors
Throughout submission and peer review, a single corresponding author is responsible for providing all necessary manuscript information and interactions with the editorial office. After acceptance, multiple corresponding authors, who are responsible for checking the accuracy of the proof contents and who will act as points of contact for queries about the published article, are permissible; these authors should be indicated on the title page.

Competing Interest
Failure to disclose a competing interest at submission may result in author sanctions. Authors must disclose, at submission, any association that poses or could be reasonably perceived as posing a financial or personal competing interest in connection with the manuscript, and acknowledge all funding sources supporting the work. Disclosures must be entered directly into the submission system; providing a link to full disclosures hosted on a website is not permissible. When asked to evaluate a manuscript, authors, reviewers, and editors must disclose any association that poses a competing interest in connection with the manuscript.

JNSPS Competing Interest Policy
JNSPS recognizes the multiplicity of financial and other competing interests confronting authors, referees, and editors. The JNSPS policy is designed to manage, not eliminate competing interests. The most important element of our policy is that all authors, referees, and editors must disclose any association that poses or could be reasonably perceived as posing a financial or intellectual competing interest in connection with the manuscript. Divulging a potential competing interest usually does not invalidate the research or the comments of a referee or editor; it simply provides the reader information necessary to independently assess the work.

When a competing interest is disclosed either by the author or the editor, a descriptive footnote will be included with the published article.

JNSPS reserves the right to publish an erratum disclosing competing interests related to a previously published paper. Authors, referees, or editors who have deliberately or recklessly failed to disclose a competing interest may receive sanctions, including being banned from publishing in JNSPS. This policy applies to all material published in JNSPS

Guidance

i. Financial Competing Interest
A financial interest in an organization whose products or services are related to the article’s subject matter and could be reasonably perceived as capable of influencing the objectivity, integrity, or interpretation of a publication should be disclosed as a competing interest.

In determining whether the financial interest meets the “reasonably be perceived as…” criterion, use your best judgment to arrive at a good-faith determination. A helpful criterion is whether a nondisclosed competing interest would embarrass you if it were to become public after publication of your work.

These financial interests may include employment, substantive ownership of stock or mutual funds*, membership on a standing advisory council or committee, service on the board of directors, public association with the company or its products, consulting fees, patent filings, compensation as a spokesperson, honoraria received in exchange for services, or financial support.

These considerations apply to financial interests held by you, your spouse or domestic partner, or your dependent children within the last 48 months.

ii. Personal Association Competing Interest
A competing interest due to a personal association arises if you are asked to serve as editor or reviewer of a manuscript whose authors include a person with whom you had an association, such as a thesis advisor (or advisee), postdoctoral mentor (or mentee), or coauthor of a paper, within the last 48 months. When such a competing interest arises, you may not serve as editor or reviewer.

A competing interest due to personal association also arises if you are asked to serve as editor or reviewer of a manuscript whose authors include a person with whom you have a family relationship, such as a spouse, domestic partner, or parent–child relationship. When such a competing interest arises, you may not serve as editor or reviewer.

A personal association competing interest may exist for Academy members who submit a Contributed manuscript if a suggested reviewer was, for example, the member’s thesis advisee (or advisor), postdoctoral mentee (or mentor), or coauthor of a paper, within the last 48 months. When such a competing interest arises, an alternative reviewer must be suggested.

iii. Author Responsibilities
During manuscript submission, authors are required to complete the online form, disclose any competing interests, and acknowledge all funding sources supporting the work. The corresponding author must ensure that all authors have disclosed any competing interests.

iv. Editor and Reviewer Responsibilities
When asked to evaluate a manuscript, reviewers and editors must disclose any association that poses a competing interest in connection with the manuscript. Referees and editors are asked to recuse themselves from handling a paper if the competing interest makes them unable to make an impartial scientific judgment or evaluation. A referee or editor who has a competing interest but believes that it does not preclude his or her making a proper judgment must disclose to the journal the nature of the interest.

Dual Use Research of Concern
Authors and reviewers must notify JNSPS if a manuscript reports potential dual use research of concern. JNSPS will evaluate such papers and, if necessary, will consult additional reviewers.


Errata
Authors should notify JNSPS via email (editorial.office@journal.nsps.org.ng) when a correction to a published article is needed. At the discretion of JNSPS, errors discovered after the publication of the article that do not substantively affect the scientific results, such as minor typographical mistakes that could affect meaning, may be corrected online without a formal Correction. A note regarding the post-publication update will be appended to the updated article.

For errors of a scientific nature that do not alter the overall results or conclusions of a published article, JNSPS will publish independent, citable corrections. Requests for these corrections will be sent to an editor for review to determine whether the errors warrant a Correction.

JNSPS articles may be retracted by their authors or by the editors because of pervasive error or unsubstantiated or irreproducible data. Articles may be retracted, for example, because of honest error, scientific misconduct, or plagiarism. Name changes do not require a formal correction, unless specifically requested.

Name Changes
JNSPS recognizes that people change their names for a variety of reasons (e.g., gender identity or change in marital status). An author, editor, or reviewer who wishes to change how their name appears on a published NSPS article should complete the Name Change Request form. JNSPS will work on each request to ensure that the change is made quickly, accurately, and confidentially, if requested. Given/family names and initials will be updated in all versions of the article (HTML and PDF), as well as metadata records of the paper. No indication or notification of the change will be published unless a formal correction is requested. Once the change is made, only the new name will be associated with the paper. JNSPS will send the updated information to Crossref, but cannot control changes in other downstream repositories or indexing services. JNSPS cannot update references (in text or reference list), only listed names of authors, reviewers, or editors in the byline.

Image Integrity
No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. The grouping or consolidation of images from multiple sources must be made explicit by the arrangement of the figure and in the figure legend. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if they are applied to the whole image and if they do not obscure, eliminate, or misrepresent any information present in the original, including backgrounds.

Questions about images raised during image screening will be referred to the editors, who may request the original data from the authors for comparison with the prepared figures. If the original data cannot be produced, the manuscript may be rejected. Cases of deliberate misrepresentation of data will result in rejection of the paper and will be reported to the corresponding author's home institution or funding agency. Authors must obtain consent for publication of figures with recognizable human faces.

License to Publish
Completion of the online submission form gives a License to Publish the work to the NSPS. If a paper is declined for publication, the license to publish is terminated.

Materials and Data Availability
To allow others to replicate and build on work published in JNSPS, authors must make materials, data, and associated protocols, including code and scripts, available to readers upon publication. Authors should follow the FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) data principles and deposit data in community-approved public repositories (see the DataCite Repository Finder (https://repositoryfinder.datacite.org/) to search for appropriate repositories) prior to publication. Authors must disclose upon submission of the manuscript any restrictions on the availability of materials or information. At submission, authors must describe how readers will be able to access the data, associated protocols, code, and materials mentioned in the paper. A statement detailing data sharing plans (including all data, unique materials, documentation, and code used in analysis) will be included in the published article. Any restrictions on access to the data, or any parts of it, must be disclosed in detail at submission. Authors are encouraged to deposit laboratory protocols and include their DOI or URL in the methods section of their paper. Data not shown and personal communications cannot be used to support claims in the work.

Authors should deposit as much of their data as possible in community-endorsed publicly accessible databases, and when possible follow the guidelines of the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles (https://www.force11.org/datacitationprinciples). If deposition of data is not possible, authors may use supporting information (SI) to show all necessary data. Research datasets should be cited in the references. In rare cases where subject-specific repositories are not available, authors may use a general repository such as figshare, Dryad, or Open Science Framework. Authors must ensure that specimens were collected in concordance with all national and local laws of the territory in which they were discovered.

For all studies using custom code or mathematical algorithm that is central to the conclusions, authors must provide any previously unreported custom computer code or algorithm used to generate results upon editor or reviewer request. We reserve the right to decline the manuscript if important code is unavailable. The Methods section must include a statement with the heading ‘Code availability’ that describes how readers can access the code or algorithm, including any restrictions to access. To ensure that the version of custom code, software or algorithm described in the publication is maintained, we will publish it as a Supplementary document or, when applicable, request that authors maintain it in an established software version control repository. Failure to comply with the JNSPS materials and data availability policies may preclude future publication in the journal.