Generation of Electricity From a Hydraulic Turbine in the Djonou River (Benin)


  • Mahouton Justine Carine ADJASSA Laboratoire de Physique du Rayonnement (LPR), Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin
  • Gabin KOTO N'GOBI Laboratoire de Physique du Rayonnement (LPR), Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin
  • Hagninou Elagnon Venance DONNOU Laboratoire de Physique du Rayonnement (LPR), Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin
  • Clément Adéyèmi KOUCHADE Laboratoire de Physique du Rayonnement (LPR), Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin
  • Basile Bruno KOUNOUHEWA Laboratoire de Physique du Rayonnement (LPR), Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin


Hydroelectricity, flow, experimentation, energy inaccessibility, Archimedean screw, low water period.


The shortage of electricity in rural areas despite the hydraulic potential they possess is becoming a challenge for Benin. To date, nearly 140,000 people spread over the 42 lakeside villages of this country live in energy inaccessibility, insecurity and poverty. To overcome this situation, the present study is therefore interested in the production of electrical energy on an experimental basis in low water periods thanks to an Archimedean screw turbine which operates at low flow rates and height of fall on the river. Djonou located in southern Benin a few kilometers from the University of Abomey-Calavi. The geometrical and hydraulic parameters of the screw were therefore determined and the device was modeled using Autocard software. A prototype was then made with local recycled materials and tested on the river. The screw specifications indicate an inside and outside radius of 0.072 m and 0.135 m. The length of the screw was set at 0.46 m for a blade radius estimated at 0.137 m. The number of screw blades is equal to 2 with a flow rate of 0.049 $ m^{3}/s $. The inclination angle of the screw is $25^{\circ}$. The device on the experimental site produces a voltage of 16 V and provides a current of about 0.12 A which can power a 2 W lamp. This performance of the prototype made on a small scale is a reliable indicator of the optimal use of this technology in the national hydraulic network of Benin to supply populations with electrical energy.


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How to Cite

Generation of Electricity From a Hydraulic Turbine in the Djonou River (Benin). (2023). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 5(2), 1263.



Special Issue : 3rd biennial AScIN conference OAU,  Nigeria

How to Cite

Generation of Electricity From a Hydraulic Turbine in the Djonou River (Benin). (2023). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 5(2), 1263.