Solving third order ordinary differential equations directly using hybrid numerical models

  • J. O. Kuboye Department of Mathematics, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • O. F. Quadri Department of Mathematics, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • O. R. Elusakin Department of Mathematics, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
Keywords: Interpolation, collocation, block method, multistep method and third order initial value problem

Abstract

In this work, numerical methods for solving third order initial value problems of ordinary differential equations are developed. Multi-step collocation is used in deriving the methods, where power series approximate solution is employed as a basis function. Gaussian elimination approach is considered in finding the unknown variables $a_j, j=0(1)8$ in interpolation and collocation equations, which are substituted into the power series to give the continuous implicit schemes. The discrete schemes and its derivatives are derived by evaluating the grid and non-grid points. These schemes are arranged in a matrix form to produce block methods. The order of the developed methods are found to be six. The numerical results proved the efficiency of the methods over the existing methods.

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Published
2020-05-13
How to Cite
J. O. Kuboye, O. F. Quadri, & O. R. Elusakin. (2020). Solving third order ordinary differential equations directly using hybrid numerical models. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 2(2), 69-76. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2020.43
Section
Original Research