Statistical Analysis and Distribution of Global Solar Radiation and Temperature Over Southern Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2022.588

Authors

  • M. A. Okono Department of Physics, University of Calabar, Nigeria
  • E. P. Agbo Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0215-2492
  • B. J. Ekah Department of Physics, University of Calabar, Nigeria
  • U. J. Ekah Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
  • E. B. Ettah Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
  • C. O. Edet Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Global solar radiation, temperature, Box plots, Mann-Kendall test, Gaussian distribution, linear regression, Sen's slope estimate

Abstract

The intensity of solar energy that is received by a particular location is affected by most meteorological conditions including, the solar irradiance received by the location, precipitation, extreme heat as a result of the surface or ambient temperature, etc. We obtain the monthly global solar irradiation and ambient temperature for the three (3) eco-climatic zones in the south of Nigeria (17 locations) for 12 years (2005 - 2016) from the Photovoltaic Geographical Information System (PVGIS) Satellite. The goal of this study is to understand how regional meteorological conditions affect radiation and temperature reception. Monthly and annual trends were plotted and compared for both variables in each region to show the similarity or dichotomy in their trends. The Mann-Kendall (M-K) trend test has been adopted to reveal that the changes in the variations on an annual basis, and results showed that the trend were not significant for both variables. Box plots have been used to give a better description of the data, and compared to show similarities and differences. Finally, we adopted the Gaussian (normal) distribution to show, understand and compare the data distribution. Linear regression plots for each zone shows that the relationship between the solar irradiation and temperature is high. Results show that the climate and vegetation of a region contributes majorly to the variation of radiation and temperature. Inhomogeneity
of data or results for locations in the same zones may be attributed to local meteorological conditions. The results obtained here will prove vital in decision making relating to the adoption of solar energy technologies in the region. Results show that the climate and vegetation of a region contributes majorly to the variation of radiation and temperature. Inhomogeneity of data or results for locations in the same zones may be attributed to local meteorological conditions.

Dimensions

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Okono_et_al

Published

2022-08-14

How to Cite

Okono, M. A., Agbo, E. P., Ekah, B. J., Ekah, U. J., Ettah, E. B., & Edet, C. O. (2022). Statistical Analysis and Distribution of Global Solar Radiation and Temperature Over Southern Nigeria. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 4(3), 588. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2022.588

Issue

Section

Original Research