Potential of Anacardic Acid for Nanosized Cellulose Preparation Under Different Treatment Conditions



  • Olugbenga O. Oluwasina Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Abiodun D. Aderibigbe Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure
  • Damilola C. Petinrin Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Adeyemi S. Adebisi Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Olayinka O. Oluwasina School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, 4000, 7 South Africa
  • Oluwasegun J. Wahab Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom


Anacardic acid, Cellulose, Nanosized cellulose, Ultrasonication, Reflux, Microwave irradiation


Herein, anacardic acid was applied for the preparation of nanosized cellulose using three different 11 treatment conditions including ultrasonication, microwave irradiation, and reflux. Physico-chemical 12 characterization was undertaken using FTIR, TEM, SEM, and XRD. FTIR, TEM, and SEM analyses 13 confirm the preparation of nanosized cellulose with similar chemical but different physical properties as 14 the cellulose starting material. In addition, calculated degrees of crystallinities from XRD data revealed 15 crystallinities of 53.9, 54.4, and 54.7 % for the nanosized cellulose prepared by ultrasonication (UNC), 16 microwave irradiation (MNC), and reflux (RNC) respectively, which all are higher than the 53.3 % of the 17 precursor cellulose. Overall, the study shows that anacardic acid holds potential for the preparation of 18 nanosized cellulose.


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How to Cite

O. Oluwasina, O. ., D. Aderibigbe, A. ., Petinrin, D. C., Adebisi, A. S., Oluwasina, O. O., & Wahab, O. J. (2022). Potential of Anacardic Acid for Nanosized Cellulose Preparation Under Different Treatment Conditions. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 4(4), 949. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2022.949



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