Iterative method for the numerical solution of optimal control model for mosquito and insecticide


  • S. Adamu Department of Mathematics, Nigerian Army University Biu, Borno State, Nigeria
  • O. O. Aduroja Department of Mathematics, University of Ilesa, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria
  • A. S. Onanaye Department of Mathematics, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
  • M. R. Odekunle Department of Mathematics, Modibbo Adama University Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria


Malaria, mosquito, insecti, First Boubaker polynomials, optimal control problems, mathematical models


A linear multistep method is transformed into an iterative method based on Patade and Bhalekar's technique for the numerical solution of the optimal control problem modeled for mosquito and insecticide management using forward-backward sweep methods via Pontryagin's principle. Stability and convergence analysis of the iterative method are carried out, and it is found to be stable, convergent, and of order four. Results obtained by the method clearly show that the population of mosquitoes can be minimized to a large extent using the new iterative method while reducing the harmful effects of the insecticide, subsequently reducing the spread of malaria.


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The optimal Mosquito population and Insecticide for case 2.



How to Cite

Iterative method for the numerical solution of optimal control model for mosquito and insecticide. (2024). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 6(2), 1965.



Mathematics & Statistics

How to Cite

Iterative method for the numerical solution of optimal control model for mosquito and insecticide. (2024). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 6(2), 1965.