Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of Fe(II) and Cu(II) nano-sized complexes of sulfamethoxazole


  • B. C. Asogwa Department of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State
  • I. E. Otuokere Department of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State


sulfamethaxazole, nano metal complexes, FTIR, XRD, NMR


Nanoparticle drug delivery systems are precisely designed technologies that utilize nanoparticles to deliver therapeutic drugs to specific targets and regulate their release. In recent times, nanoparticles have garnered significant interest owing to their potential for efficient drug delivery. This work is aimed at synthesizing Fe(II) and Cu(II) nano-sized complexes of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) using the sonication method. The physical and spectroscopic studies showed a colour change from white to grey, and a decrease in melting points suggested the formation of the metal complexes. The nanometal complexes were insoluble in water. XRD analysis showed that the crystallite sizes of Fe(II) and Cu(II) nanometal complexes were determined to be 76.08 nm and 37.13 nm, respectively, using the Debye-Scherrer equation. The FTIR results of the SMX, Fe(II), and Cu(II) nanometal complexes showed a shift of the amine band from 3243 to 3191 cm^-1 and the sulfone band from 1154 to 1092 cm^-1 in both complexes. The proton NMR showed a shift of the amine proton from 6.100 ppm to 6.035 ppm in the spectra of the Cu(II) complex. The amine chemical shift was absent in the spectra of the Fe(II) complex, showing deprotonation. The carbon-13 NMR spectra showed a similar chemical shift. The spectra studies indicated that SMX coordinated with the metal ions through the amino and sulfone groups. A tetrahedral structure was proposed for the complexes. SMX coordinated as a bidentate ligand to Fe(II) and Cu(II) ions.

Author Biography

I. E. Otuokere, Department of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State

Proffessor of Inorganic Chemistry


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 Proposed structure for [Fe(SMX)(H2O)2]



How to Cite

Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of Fe(II) and Cu(II) nano-sized complexes of sulfamethoxazole. (2024). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 6(3), 2011.

How to Cite

Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of Fe(II) and Cu(II) nano-sized complexes of sulfamethoxazole. (2024). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 6(3), 2011.