Waste glass: An excellent adsorbent for crystal violet dye, Pb2+ and Cd2+ heavy metals ions decontamination from wastewater
Keywords:adsorption, waste glass, heavy metals, crystal violet dye, waste water
The suitability of waste glass as an eco-friendly adsorbent for the removal of crystal violet (CV) dye, Pb2+ and Cd2+ heavy metal ions in waste water samples was investigated in batch mode. Waste glass sample was pulverized and characterized by SEM/EDX, XRD, BET and FTIR. Effects of variation in temperature, pH, contact time and recyclability of the adsorbent were studied. FTIR spectra revealed major peaks around 491.53 and 3444.12 cm-1 corresponding to the bending vibrations of Si-O-Si and -OH groups respectively. SEM/EDX analysis showed a dense, coarse, porous morphology with predominantly silica component. The effective surface area and size of the adsorbent were 557.912 m2/g and 2.099 nm respectively. Increase in temperature, dosage, contact time resulted in increase in adsorption efficiency. Optimum adsorption efficiency of 94%, 97.5% and 89.1% was attained for Pb2+ , Cd2+ ions and CV dye respectively at 70?C. Adsorption process followed more accurately pseudo-first order model and isotherm fitted perfectly into Freundlich model indicating a multilayer adsorption mechanism for CV dye and the heavy metals. 89.87% reduction in Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) level of wastewater was reported upon treatment with waste glass adsorbent affirming its efficiency for dye and heavy metal pollutants removal.
A. Macfarlane & G. Martin, “A world of glass”, Science 305 (2004) 1407. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1093597
I. B. Topcu & M. Canbaz, “Properties of concrete containing waste glass”, Cement and Concrete Research 34 (2004) 267. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.07.003
Z. Hussain, N. Sultan, M. Ali, M. Y. Naz, N. M. AbdEl-Salam, & K. A. Ibrahim, “Thermochemical conversion of waste glass and mollusk shells into an absorbent material for separation of direct Blue 15 azo dye from industrial wastewater”, ACS Omega 5 (2020) 18114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c01680
M. S. Tsuboy, J. P.F. Angeli, M. S. Mantovani, S. Knasmuller, G. A. Umbuzeiro, & L.R. Ribeiro, “Genotoxic, mutagenic and cytotoxic effects of the commercial dye CI Disperse Blue 291 in the human hepatic cell line HepG2”, Toxicol. In Vitro, 21 (2007) 1650. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2007.06.020
S. Chowdhury, M. A. Mazumder, O. Al-Attas, & T. Hussain, “Heavy metals in drinking water: Occurrences, implication and future needs in developing countries”, Science of the Total Environment 569 (2016) 476. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.166
World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines for drinking water quality: Fourth edition Incorporating the first addendum. World Health Organisation, Geneva (2017).
C.O. Aniagor & M. C. Menkiti, “Synthesis, modification and use of lignified bamboo isolate for the renovation of crystal violet dye effluent”, Applied Water Science 9 (2019) 77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-019-0962-4
O. S. Ayanda, K. O. Sodeinde, P. O. Okolo, A. A. Ajayi, S. M. Nelana, & E. B. Naidoo, “Adsorptive behavior of kaolin for amido black dye in aqueous solution”, Oriental Journal of Chemistry 34 (2018) 1233. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13005/ojc/340305
A. Mittal, J. Mittal, A. Malviya, D. Kaur & V. K. Gupta, “Adsorption of hazardous dye crystal violet from wastewater by waste materials”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 343 (2010) 463. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.11.060
B. Gozmen, B Kayan, A. M. Gizir & A. Hesenov, “Oxidative degradations of reactive blue 4 dye by different advanced oxidation methods”, J. Hazard. Mater. 168 (2009) 129. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.011
C. C. Chen, H. J. Liao, C. Y. Cheng, C. Y. Yen & Y. C. Chung, “Biodegradation of crystal violet by Pseudomonas putida”, Biotechnol. Lett. 29 (2007) 391. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10529-006-9265-6
B. Erdem, M. Erdem & A. S. Ozcan, “Adsorption of reactive Black 5 onto quarternized 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate based polymer/clay nanocomposites”, Adsorption 22 (2016) 767. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-016-9773-1
L. Zhang, L. Sellaoui, D. Franco, G. L. Dotto & A. Baiahzar, “Adsorption of dyes brilliant blue, sunset yellow and tartrazine from aqueous solution onto chitosan: Analytical interpretation via multilayer statistical physics model”, Chemical Engineering Journal 382 (2020) 122952. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.122952
B. M. Babalola, A. O. Babalola, H. O. Adubiaro, O. S. Ayanda, S. M. Nelana & E. B. Naidoo, “Application of waste Delonix regia pods and leaves for the sorption of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solution: kinetic and equilibrium studies”, Water Quality Research Journal 54 (2019) 278. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/wqrj.2019.045
L. Joseph, B. M. Jun, J. R. V. Flora, C. M. Park & Y. Yoon, “Removal of heavy metal from water sources in the developing world using low cost materials: A review”, Chemosphere 229 (2019) 142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.198
M. Wawrzkiewicz, E. Polska-Adach & Z. Hubicki, “Application of titania based adsorbent for the removal of acid, reactive and direct dyes from textile effluents”, Adsorption 25 (2019) 621. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-019-00062-0
R. Ahmad, “Studies on the adsorption of crystal violet from aqueous solution onto coniferous pinus bark powder”, Journal of Hazardous Materials 171 (2009) 767. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.060
H. A. Hegazi, “Removal of heavy metals from waste water using agricultural and industrial wastes as adsorbent” .HBRC Journal 9 (2013) 276. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hbrcj.2013.08.004
W. Au, M. A. Butler, S. E. Bloom & T. S Matney, “Further study of the genetic toxicity of gentian violet”, Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology 66 (1979) 103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-1218(79)90054-5
O. S. Ayanda, E. A. Odo, D. Malomo, K. O. Sodeinde, O. S. Lawal, O. T. Ebenezer, S. M. Nelana & E. B. Naidoo,“Accelerated decolorization of congo red by powdered termite mound”, CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water 45 (2017) 1700537. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201700537
APHA Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA. (1995).
A. K.. Singh, D. P. Singh, K. K. Pandey & V. N. Singh, “Wollastonite as adsorbent for removal of Fe (II) from water”, J. Chem. Technol. 42 (1988) 29.
Y. S. Ho, “Review of second-order models for adsorption systems”, J. Hazard. Mater. 136 (2006) 681 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.043
T. S. Silva, L. Meili, S. H. V. Carvalho, J. I. Soletti, G. L. Dotto & E. J. S. Fonseca, “Kinetics, isotherm, and thermodynamic studies of methylene blue adsorption from water by Mytella falcata waste”, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 24 (2017) 19927. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9645-6
Letelier, V., B. I. Henriquez-Jara & M. Manosalva, “Combined use of waste concrete and glass as a replacement for mortar raw materials”, Waste Management 94 (2019) 107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.05.041
R. Kumar & R. Ahmad, “Biosorption of hazardous crystal violet from aqueous solution onto treated ginger waste”, Desalination 265 (2011) 112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.07.040
C. E. Farias Silva, A. H. Silva Goncalves & A. K. Souza Abud, “Treatment of textile industry effluents using orange waste: a proposal to reduce colour and chemical oxygen demand”, Water Science and Technology 74 (2016) 994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.298
K. Nogawa & T. Kido, “Biological monitoring of cadmium exposure in ita-itai disease epidemiology”, International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 65 (1993) S43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00381306
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences (JNSPS) is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY-NC) license. This license was developed to facilitate open access, namely, it allows articles to be freely downloaded and to be re-used and re-distributed without restriction, as long as the original work is correctly cited. More specifically, anyone may copy, distribute or reuse these articles, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article, mine the article even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s).