Review of top notch electrode arrays for geoelectrical resistivity surveys

  • Henry Ekene Ohaegbuchu Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • F. C. Anyadiegwu Department of Physics, College of Physical and Applied Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
  • P. O. Odoh Department of Physics, College of Physical and Applied Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
  • F. C. Orji Department of Physics, College of Physical and Applied Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
Keywords: electrode arrays, wenner, schlumberger, dipole-dipole, pole-dipole, resistivity surveys.


The different arrangements of electrodes used in geoelectrical resistivity surveys and measurements are referred to as electrode arrays. In this review, we have revisited most of the widely used electrode arrays as well as the uncommon ones, which are nonetheless, useful in certain situations. This review has provided detailed information about eleven (11) of the top notch electrode arrays employable in our regular resistivity surveys, making it clear that in practice, the arrays that are most commonly used for 2-D imaging surveys are the Wenner, Dipole-Dipole, Wenner-Schlumberger, Pole-Pole and the Pole-Dipole arrays. They have their strengths and weaknesses. They are typically described by their signal-to-noise ratio. Their depth of investigation, ability for lateral location of the target and their mapping abilities of horizontal layers or steeply dipping structures among other factors determine which array to adopt.


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How to Cite
Ohaegbuchu, H. E., Anyadiegwu, F. C., Odoh, P. O., & Orji, F. C. (2020). Review of top notch electrode arrays for geoelectrical resistivity surveys. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 1(4), 147-155. Retrieved from
Review Article