Synthetic characterization and Structural Properties of Nanocellulose from Moringa oleifera seeds

https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.202

Authors

  • A. F. Afolabi Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria.
  • S. S. Oluyamo Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria.
  • I. A. Fuwape Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria.

Keywords:

crystallinity index, crystal structure, hydroxyl group, moringa oleifera, nanocellulose

Abstract

In this research, nanocellulose is isolated from Moringa oleifera seed using acid hydrolysis and the structural properties were determined. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used for the characterization of the isolated nanocellulose. The most noticeable peak is observed at  and the value of the crystallinity index () from the XRD pattern is 63.1%. The calculated values of  hydrogen bond intensity (HBI), lateral order index (LOI) and total crystalline index (TCI) are 0.93, 1.17and 0.94 respectively exhibited high degree of crystallinity and well arranged cellulose crystal structure. The isolated nanocellulose has an average length and diameter of 14.3 and 36.33 respectively. Furthermore, the FTIR peaks revealed the presence of C-H bending, C-O stretching and O-H stretching functional groups.

Dimensions

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Published

2021-08-29

How to Cite

Afolabi, A. F., Oluyamo, S. S., & Fuwape, I. A. (2021). Synthetic characterization and Structural Properties of Nanocellulose from Moringa oleifera seeds. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 3(3), 148–153. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.202

Issue

Section

Original Research