Synthetic Characterization of Cellulose from Moringa oleifera seeds and Potential Application in Water Purification

https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.206

Authors

  • A. F. Afolabi Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • S. S. Oluyamo Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • I. A. Fuwape Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Research Unit, Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria

Keywords:

Cellulose, crystallinity, moringa oleifera, morphology, water purification

Abstract

The use of Moringa oleifera seeds for purifying water has been attempted locally in various forms without putting scientific potency of the material into consideration. The cellulose sample isolated from Moringa {oleifera} seed was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The value of the crystallinity index (CIr ) from the XRD pattern is 63.1%. The high degree of crystallinity obtained is attributed to the high percentage of crystallinity index, CIr (i.e. 63.1%). The morphology revealed aggregates of conical and needle-like structure. The FTIR revealed O-H stretching, C-H stretching vibration, and C=O bond stretching functional groups. These characteristics are indicative of the potential of the material in water purification.

Dimensions

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Published

2021-08-29

How to Cite

Afolabi, A. F., Oluyamo, S. S., & Fuwape, I. A. (2021). Synthetic Characterization of Cellulose from Moringa oleifera seeds and Potential Application in Water Purification. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 3(3), 140–143. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.206

Issue

Section

Original Research