The Delineation of Groundwater and Geotechnical Parameters within Marmara Area of Chikun Local Government of Kaduna State, Nigeria

  • N. Kure Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • H. I. Daniel Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • C. G. Afuwai Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • E. J. Adoyi Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • I. A. Bello Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Keywords: Geotechnical, Resistivity, Chikun, Topsoil/Laterite, Aquifer

Abstract

Geophysical investigation for engineering studies was carried out around Faith Academy, Marmara village, Kaduna within the basement complex of North-Western Nigeria. Six Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) were established using Schlumberger configuration. The geoelectric section revealed five subsurface layers defined by the topsoil, which comprises humus, clay and laterite; followed by weathered layer which comprises of sandy soil, fractured layer which constitutes of coarse grain sands and gravels and fresh basement which is porphyritic granite. The resistivities and thicknesses of the topsoil range from 47 - 4212 Ωm and 2 - 5 m respectively. The weathered/fractured basement has average thickness of 42 m with resistivity ranging from 350 - 774 Ωm. The Areas found to meet the conditions of high basement resistivity and shallow depth to basement, are found to be at VES A1, A2, A3, A4 and A6. Hence, VES A1 have been found to be the competent zones within the study area, and are good for the construction of high-rise buildings, roads and bridges. VES A3, A4 and A6 are areas that do not meet the conditions for construction of a high-rise buildings. However, VES A3, A4 and A6 appears to be viable for groundwater exploration with aquifer thickness ranges between 18 - 42 m and depth ranges of 6 - 10 m, while the average depth to fresh basement is 43 m.

References

H. O. Aboh, "Geotechnical characterization of surface materials in Kaduna Area, Kaduna State", Zuma Journal of Pure and Applied Science 4 (2002) 23.

C. O. Ajayi & M. Hassan, "The Delineation of Aquifer Overlying the Basement Complex in the Western Part of Kubani Basin of Zaria Nigeria", Journal of Mining and Geology 26 (1990) 117.

N. Kure, H. O. Aboh, R. Jimoh, O. A. Joseph & I. H. Daniel, "The Delineation of Potential Groundwater Aquifers within Basement Complex in ABU Zaria, Nigeria", British Journal of Applied Science and Technology 19 (2017) 1.

E. M. Shemang, Electrical Depth Sounding of Selected Well Sites within the Kubani River Basin, Zaria, Nigeria, Unpublished MSc Thesis, Physics Department, ABU Zaria, 1990.

O. Koefoed, "An appropriate method of resistivity sounding interpretation", Geophysical Prospecting 24 (1979) 617.

M. O. Olorumfemi, S. A. Fasuyi, "Aquifer types and geoelectric/hydrogeologic characteristics of part of central basement terrain of Nigerian (Niger State)", Journal of Earth Science 16 (1993) 309.

P. O. Udo, Physical geography of Nigerian, Heineman Education Publishers, 1982.

K. M. Lawal, The application of reduction to the pole technique for the interpretation of aeromagnetic data of Zaria area, North Central Nigeria, 1998.

N. K. Abdullahi, E. E. Udensi, A. Iheakanwa & B. E. Eletta, ``Geo-electrical method applied to evaluation of groundwater potential and aquifer protective capacity of overburden units", British Journal of Applied Science and Technology 4 (2014) 2024.

M. W. Telford, L. P. Geldart, R. E. Sheriff & D. A. Keys, Applied Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, London, 1970.

J. O. Alao, Delineation of the Interfacial Configuration in a Section of Millennium City, Kaduna, Unpublished MSc. thesis, Physics Dept. Kaduna State University, Kaduna, 2017.

S. I. Fadele, S. B. Jatau & N. O. Patrick, "Geophysical engineering investigation around Makiyaye Village, shika area within the basement complex of North-Western Nigeria", International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (2012) 1143.

M. D. Dogara, J. Alao, H. Abdullahi, J. Ezekiel, J. George & R. A. Ahammed, ``Delineation of the geotechnical parameters within the Kaduna refining and petrochemical corporation layout", World Journal of Applied Physics 2 (2017) 36.
Published
2019-10-23
How to Cite
Kure, N., Daniel, H. I., Afuwai, C. G., Adoyi, E. J., & Bello, I. A. (2019). The Delineation of Groundwater and Geotechnical Parameters within Marmara Area of Chikun Local Government of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 1(1), 1-5. Retrieved from https://journal.nsps.org.ng/index.php/jnsps/article/view/2
Section
Original Research